Over the past century, modern dentistry has made great advances in scientific knowledge, specifically in pediatric dental care. New technology and materials have allowed practitioners to continue development in both research and clinical forums. These include, but are not limited to, minimally invasive diagnostics and greater understanding in the treatment of children. Following the philosophy that “no treatment is the best treatment,” dentists use testing regimens such as the CAMBRA method and the Bacterial Model to care for pediatric patients earlier and more consistently. In addition, helping children who are anxious about receiving dental care, will allow a more pleasant experience and allow the treating dentist to work more efficiently.