Management of dental patients with coronary vasospasm

Knowledge expansion of dentists and dental hygienists for patients with coronary vasospasm is crucial in globally recognizing this condition and safely treating a compromised population. 

Coronary vasospasm is considered a rare cardiac condition in the world of cardiology, but recent research and expanded dialogue in the medical community are beginning to show that coronary vasospasm may be more widely experienced and underdiagnosed. Many dental implications can arise with affected patients. Dental considerations include stress management; psychological experiences for the patient; use of proper and safe anesthesia; medical complications in the dental chair; oral manifestations of cardiac medications; and drug interactions. Knowledge expansion of dentists and dental hygienists for patients with coronary vasospasm is crucial in globally recognizing this condition and safely treating a compromised population. 

Learning Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the dental professional should be able to: 

  1. Define coronary vasospasm 
  2. Describe the epidemiological factors of coronary vasospasm 
  3. List symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of coronary vasospasm 
  4. Identify who is at risk for coronary vasospasm 
  5. Describe medical complications and management in the dental chair

About the Author

Kandice Swarthout

Kandice Swarthout, RDH, LPC, is a licensed professional counselor and registered dental hygienist. She is a full-time dental hygiene educator in Texas. Kandice is the owner of Inspired Education & Wellness, where she is a speaker, writer, and private practice therapist. She combines her clinical dental and mental health experience to help other health-care professionals have a fulfilling work-life experience. Kandice is an approved provider under Texas Health and Human Services for human trafficking training for health-care professionals. Read her articles in DentistryIQ, Today’s RDH, and her blog on Facebook, Fearless Compassion: Stories of Personal Triumph. Contact Kandice at or on social media @ thecounselorhygienist.

Quick Access Code: 22134
Photo credit: ID 84218554 © 7active Studio |

Not Enrolled

Course Includes

  • 1 Lesson
  • 1 Test
  • Course Certificate
  • CE credit(s): 3

    Course Type: Written

    Published Date: September 2023

    This continuing education (CE) activity was developed by Endeavor Business Media with no commercial support.

    This course was written for dentists, dental hygienists, and dental assistants, from novice to skilled.

    Educational methods: This course is a self-instructional journal and web activity.

    Provider disclosure: Endeavor Business Media neither has a leadership position nor a commercial interest in any products or services discussed or shared in this educational activity. No manufacturer or third party had any input in the development of the course content.

    Requirements for successful completion: To obtain 3 CE credits for this educational activity, you must pay the required fee, review the material, complete the course evaluation, and obtain an exam score of 70% or higher.

    CE planner disclosure: Laura Winfield, Endeavor Business Media dental group CE coordinator, neither has a leadership nor commercial interest with the products or services discussed in this educational activity. Ms. Winfield can be reached at

    Educational disclaimer: Completing a single continuing education course does not provide enough information to result in the participant being an expert in the field related to the course topic. It is a combination of many educational courses and clinical experience that allows the participant to develop skills and expertise.

    Image authenticity statement: The images in this educational activity have not been altered.

    Scientific integrity statement: Information shared in this CE course is developed from clinical research and represents the most current information available from evidence-based dentistry.

    Known benefits and limitations of the data: The information presented in this educational activity is derived from the data and information contained in the reference section.

    Registration: The cost of this CE course is $39.00 for 3 CE credits.

    Cancellation and refund policy: Any participant who is not 100% satisfied with this course can request a full refund by contacting Endeavor Business Media in writing.

    Provider information:

    Dental Board of California: Provider RP5933. Course registration number CA code: 03-5933-22134. Expires August 2026. “This course meets the Dental Board of California’s requirements for 3 units of continuing education.”


    Endeavor Business Media is a nationally approved PACE program provider for FAGD/MAGD credit.
    Approval does not imply acceptance by any regulatory authority or AGD endorsement.
    11/1/2022 to 10/31/2024.
    Provider ID# 320452
    AGD code: 750


    Endeavor Business Media is designated as an approved Provider by the American Academy of Dental Hygiene, Inc. #AADHPNW (January 1, 2022–December 31, 2024). Approval does not imply acceptance by a state or provincial Board of Dentistry. Licensee should maintain this document in the event of an audit. AADH code: AADHEBM-121-9-2023-3


    Endeavor Business Media is an ADA CERP–recognized provider.

    ADA CERP is a service of the American Dental Association to assist dental professionals in identifying quality providers of dental continuing education. ADA CERP does not approve or endorse individual courses or instructors, nor does it imply acceptance of credit hours by boards of dentistry.

    Concerns or complaints about a CE provider may be directed to the provider or to CERP at



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